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Russian biomorphic neuroprocessor allows computers to think

11 July 2020, Saturday By M. Konwar
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One of the most promising areas for the development of computers is neuromorphic chips, built on the principle of the human brain. Despite the impressive results, all of them can only accelerate the processing of information. Russian researchers reported on the development of a biomorphic neuroprocessor that can teach machines to think while making certain decisions.

One of the most famous representatives of neuromorphic chips is considered to be Intel Loihi. The Russian development was carried out by researchers from Tyumen State University (TSU). The biomorphic neuroprocessor is based on a new component of nanoelectronics - a combined memristor-diode crossbar.

neuromorphic


"Unlike existing neuroprocessors with simple neurons, the biomorphic neuroprocessor presented by us makes it possible to make decisions not only on the basis of pre-established associations, but also on the basis of new associations formed during signal processing in dynamically changing conditions," the representatives of the research team said.

The main feature of the new technology is the ability of a biomorphic neuroprocessor to generate new knowledge like an intelligent living being. Thus, the AI will not only process the received information, but also make sense of it. According to the researchers, this will significantly increase the speed and energy efficiency of the entire system, when compared with existing supercomputers.

The estimated time for the development to enter the market is 2025. Right now, the active phase of testing a new biomorphic neuroprocessor is underway.
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