TSMC revealed the timing and capabilities of 5nm, 4nm, and 3nm processors
TSMC, a leader in the semiconductor industry, recently held its 26th Technology Symposium, where it spoke about the success in mastering advanced technological processes, including a 5-nanometer, 4-nanometer, and even 3-nanometer. The manufacturer also announced the timing of the appearance of the corresponding products on the market.
TSMC said that they plan two generations of 5-nanometer processes: N5 and N5P. The first is based on the use of EUV (deep ultraviolet lithography) technology and is already in the mass production stage. As reported, the first solutions based on this process will be the flagship processors Apple A14 and HUAWEI Kirin 9000.
Representatives of the company said that in comparison with the current flagship processors based on the 7-nanometer process, 5-nanometer chips will reduce power consumption by 30%, and performance will be increased by 15%. In the case of the N5P, which is scheduled for production in 2021, compared to the N5, energy efficiency will be improved by 10%, and productivity — by 5%.
After that, TSMC will start switching to 4-nanometer and 3-nanometer technological processes. Trial production is scheduled for the end of next year, mass — for 2022. 4-nanometer process technology marketed by the company as the final version of 5 nm, therefore, little improvement can be expected. A noticeable jump is expected with the transition to 3-nanometer: a 25-30% reduction in energy consumption and a 10-15% increase in productivity compared to 5-nanometer. The appearance of processors based on the 3-nanometer process is planned for the second half of 2022.