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Browser (Web browser)

11 July 2020, Saturday By M. Konwar
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A browser is a special tool that allows you to view the contents of resource pages. Imagine a huge library containing millions of books. The library can be called the Internet, and each book - web pages written in a special programming language. It’s hard to make out anything in these signs. To read characters and provide information conveniently, a browser is used. 

Most popular browsers


There are a lot of special browsers. Each of them has its own characteristics, advantages, and disadvantages. We will tell you more about the most popular ones.

Google chrome

Google chrome


It is one of the most popular browsers. Its main difference is its intuitive, non-overloaded interface. Google Chrome is safe and fast, with its own constantly updated database of insecure sites. In the tool settings, you can set the page view in incognito mode. In this case, the data will not be stored in history or in cookies. In the browser settings, there is an online store of extensions and installed plugins. If necessary, you can speed up the software using the task manager. The profile in Google Chrome is synchronized with other devices, so it is very popular as a mobile browser. 

Internet explorer

Internet explorer


One of the most popular Internet browsers many years ago. It is known by most users since it is part of the Windows operating system and is used as a "default browser". Despite improvements and additions, Internet Explorer cannot compete with modern and fast browsers. It poorly supports the CSS and HTML languages on which most pages are written. Because of this, not all elements are displayed correctly. 

Microsoft edge

Microsoft edge


This tool can be considered the latest replacement for Internet Explorer. It is installed together with Windows 10. The new web browser has a completely different foundation, which makes it safe, fast, and stable. It has a Cortana voice assistant, but it is slightly inferior to similar functions of other systems. The browser has InPrivate mode, similar to Google Chrome incognito. 

Opera

Opera


This web browser is rightfully at the top of the best tools for mobile devices and personal computers. "Opera" has its own advantages and features that not all competitors can boast of. For example, this is an Opera Turbo feature that allows you to speed up resource loading. When it is enabled on slow or overloaded networks, pages actually open faster. Opera also works well on slow devices. This is a great option for users who have limited traffic. When pages load faster, it may reduce the amount of traffic. Also a convenient solution - built-in ad-block blocking without installing third-party extensions and plugins. This increases the speed of operation by 3 times. This function can be disabled in the settings if desired. But, probably, the main advantage of the browser can be called a free built-in VPN server.

Other advantages:

  • the ability to control using hotkeys;
  • energy saving mode, which ensures the conservation of up to 50% of the equipment charge;
  • many themes for design and extensions.

Yandex browser

Yandex browser


This is a fairly young browser from the Yandex search engine. It was created on the same base as Google Chrome. Yandex.Browser is very similar to it, but only associated with Yandex tools. The features of a web browser can be called mouse control: hold down its right button and perform the necessary gesture. 

Mozilla firefox

Mozilla firefox


High-quality and user-friendly browser that has won the trust of users. It has a straightforward and intuitive interface. You can adjust to your needs and increase the toolkit of the program using other extensions. But when installing a large number of add-ons, the browser will work a little slower. 

Safari

Safari


It is installed with macOS, but there are special versions for Windows. It has a simple and elegant design, the ability to install extensions, and many other necessary functions. 

Why do users need a browser


The main function of the browser, as mentioned above, is the correct display of resource pages. Most people use it not only to surf the internet but also perform the following actions:

  • Watching movies, TV shows, cartoons in high quality;
  • play browser games;
  • learn something new;
  • translate texts;
  • listening to music;
  • download any files;
  • make online purchases, bank transfers;
  • read news, literature.

A number of possibilities are provided by the pages themselves, for example in the case of games. Here the browser is an intermediary between the site and the user. Other features, which include saving bookmarks, supporting a variety of document formats, relate to the functionality of the browser. 

Extensions


Extensions are additional tools that perform specific tasks and functions. There are special plugins that provide protection from advertising, saving videos and articles to certain sites. Extensions provide users with new opportunities, change the functionality of programs for viewing documents. 

Browser for developers


The developer does not view pages like a normal user. For normal operation, it needs special plugins and tools. 

Using a browser, the developer performs the following actions: 

  • testing your site;
  • looks through the DOM tree, CSS styles;
  • uses jаvascript consoles to check code or find bugs.

Cross-browser compatibility


Sometimes the same resource is displayed differently in different browsers. Cross-browser compatibility is the correct display of a page in various programs. 

The reason for the problem with the different displays of the site is the development of systems for viewing resources on the Internet. Different software may interpret the same code in their own way. These differences are a real headache for webmasters. Cross-browser compatibility can be achieved using conventional CSS tools. When this does not give a positive result, you have to resort to the use of hacks. For Internet Explorer, conditional comments are used: they function only in this browser, others simply ignore them. 
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