Botnet

Botnet - a computer network of several hosts with bots - programs that operate autonomously. The definition of “zombie network” is popular, since the bot program is installed on the victim’s device without her knowledge and allows you to perform certain actions using the infected computer. This is mainly spamming, sorting passwords on a remote system, and DDoS attacks.

Botnet

The basic principle of creating a botnet is to install software that is invisible to the user in daily work on a computer. Ways to infect a computer: 

  • Software vulnerability,
  • exploiting the user's inexperience by offering them "useful content",
  • virus infection through authorized access to a PC,
  • selecting the administrator password by searching through the appropriate options.

Types of network protocols used:

  • IRC-oriented 
  • IM-oriented, 
  • Web-oriented,
  • Based on a proprietary protocol based on the TCP / IP family stack.

The virus is usually launched automatically and can use self-defense against deletion. Basically, the bot disguises itself as a system process, replaces system files, and uses two self-restarting processes. Manage the botnet via a website or similar to p2p networks.

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